I have been on an epic journey studying for the ARE Exam. I thought I would share my material online for other almost-architects trying to muddle through this monster. Ok, here is the situation….
First some terms:
sensible heat: heat exchanged by a body or thermodynamic system that has as its sole effect as a change of temperature. The sensible heat of a thermodynamic process may be calculated as the product of the body’s mass (m) with its specific heat capacity (c) and the change in temperature.
latent heat: heat absorbed or radiated during a change of phase at constant temperature and pressure. The amount of heat exchanged that s hidden, so it occurs without change of temperature. For example, during a phase change such as the melting of ice, the temperature of the system containing the ice and the liquid is constant until all ice has melted.
The quantity of heat absorbed or released by a substance undergoing a change of state, such as ice changing to liquid water or liquid water changing to ice, at constant temperature and pressure. The latent heat absorbed by air when water vapor condenses is ultimately the source of the power of thunderstorms and hurricanes.
radiant heat: visible light and infrared light emitted by an incandescent light bulb, the infrared radiation emitted by animals and detectable with an infrared camera, and the cosmic microwave background radiation. Thermal radiation differs from thermal convection and thermal conduction—a person near a raging bonfire feels radiant heating from the fire, even if the surrounding air is very cold.
hydrologic cycle: The water cycle, describes the continuous movement of all water on, above and below the surface of the Earth. Although the balance of water on Earth remains fairly constant over time, individual water molecules can come and go, in and out of the atmosphere. By the physical processes of evaporation, condensation, precipitation, infiltration, runoff, and subsurface flow water goes through different phases: liquid, solid (ice), and gas (vapor).
catchment area: a basin that acts as a funnel by collecting all the water within the area covered by the basin and channelling it to a single point. is an extent or an area of land where surface water from rain and melting snow or ice converges to a single point, usually the exit of the basin, where the waters join another waterbody, such as a river, lake, reservoir, estuary, wetland, sea, or ocean.
recharge basin: An infiltration basin (also known as a recharge basin or in some areas, a sump is a type of best management practice (BMP) that is used to manage stormwater runoff, prevent flooding and downstream erosion, and improve water quality in an adjacent river, stream, lake or bay. It is essentially a shallow artificial pond that is designed to infiltrate stormwater though permeable soils into the groundwater aquifer. Infiltration basins do not discharge to a surface water body under most storm conditions, but are designed with overflow structures (pipes, weirs, etc.) that operate during flood conditions
cistern: is a waterproof receptacle for holding liquids, usually water. Cisterns are often built to catch and store rainwater. Cisterns are distinguished from wells by their waterproof linings. Modern cisterns range in capacity from a few litres to thousands of cubic metres, effectively forming covered reservoirs.
sweaty pipes: Sweating occurs when the water inside the pipe is much colder than surrounding humid air. During the summer, the surrounding air is naturally hot; in winter, the air is heated by the furnace. In either case, when warm, humid air reaches cold pipes, drops of moisture form and drip as if there was a tiny hole in the pipe.
hydropneumatic method: A hydropneumatic tank uses compressed air to control water pressure. Eliminates Piping distribution networks at terrace Level. The piping cost is less compared to gravity system because of telescoping design. Best available option for sloped roof terraces. no large tanks to take up valuable space, and verticle pumps occupy considerably less area than horizontal pumps.